Pohang is located approximately 360km southeast of Seoul, the capital city of Korea. A thirty-minute drive to the south of Pohang takes you to Gyeongju, the ancient capital of the Shilla Dynasty. Daegu, the third largest city in Korea and the center of North Gyeongsang Province, is a one hour drive to the west. The national expressway passes through Daegu and Gyeongju, and an industrial expressway also runs from Gyeongju and Pohang to help transport the products of POSCO and other related industries in Pohang.

Pohang was once a small fishing village until POSCO founded its steel-making plants near this coastal town in 1970. It was the birth of POSTECH in 1986 that firmly established Pohang's reputation as a center for science and technology. With the completion of the Pohang Technopark in 2007, Pohang and the surrounding areas now have approximately a half million residents and have become one of the most important industrial centers in Korea.

Pohang greets the sunrise earlier than any other city on the Korean Peninsula and is a Mecca for the iron industry and home to POSCO, POSTECH, and RIST. The POSTECH campus lies a twenty-minute drive by car or bus from downtown Pohang, and a forty-minute drive away from the eastern coast. The countryside around Pohang is rich in crops, thanks to an abundant supply of water and fertile soil. Sun dried squid and processed marine foods and leeks are important products of the area. Tourism is popular because Pohang's eastern coastal areas offer relaxing beaches and picturesque views. The mountainous region hosts the Bogyeong and Oeo Temples, which are popular hiking sites. With the remnants of an old fishing village and the nation's latest advancements, Pohang is truly a mixture of the old and the new, both traditional and modern cultures.